Holy Mango! Statute That Allows Creditor to Seize Property from Third Party Is a Taking.

Who else but inversecondemnation.com would discuss a case dealing with dried fruit, from Guam no less?  The case is Western Sales Trading Co. v Genpro Int’l, Inc. (Guam), No. CVA 19-023 (July 28, 2021).  The Court held that a Guam statute permitting a judgment creditor to take property from a third party was a taking. Under the statute, a Guam judgment creditor is specifically authorized to file a motion for an order to show cause to compel any person who holds the assets of the judgment debtor to turn over… read more

Posted in Creditor Turnover, Fifth Amendment, Public Use
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South Grand View Development – A Regulatory Taking Case

Eric Bregman, Esq. (www.ericbregman.com), a prominent land use attorney in Long Island’s East End, sent me the decision handed down by the Eleventh Circuit on June 21, 2021, South Grand View Development Company, Inc. v City of Alabaster, Alabama 1F. 4th 1299. The facts are relatively simple.  The plaintiff purchased 547 acres of land in the City of Alabaster for $1.65 million.  The masterplan for development was submitted to and approved by the City.  Most of the development was completed by 2008 but the 142-acre portion of land at issue,… read more

Posted in Due Process, Just Compensation, Re-zonings
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What Happens to My Mortgage When the Property is Condemned?

A mortgagee upon condemnation of the property is not without resources.  The mortgagee wants to be paid the principal balance on the secured debt. With respect to the mortgage payoff, “It is well established that, upon the vesting of title in a condemnation proceeding, all lien interests in the subject property by virtue of mortgages, unpaid taxes, or unsatisfied judgments, are extinguished (see, In re County of Nassau [Gelb – Siegel], 24 NY2d 621, 626; Copp v Sands Point Marina, 17 NY2d 291, 293; Muldoon v Mid-Bronx Holding Corp., 287… read more

Posted in Condemnation, Equitable Lien, Mortgage
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Kelo Remains Untouched

The US Supreme Court denied a request to hear an appeal of a Chicago landowner whose property was condemned by the City to allow the expansion of the Bloomer Chocolate Company on June 25, 2021. The property owner took issue with the high court’s 2005 Kelo v City of New London decision, which said that local governments have the ability to take away private property for economic development use.  Three Justices, Brett Kavanaugh, Clarence Thomas and Neil Gorsuch said the Court should have heard the case, one shy of the… read more

Posted in Kelo, Public Purpose
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Napeague (Truck) Beach – It’s Not Over Yet

Napeague Beach in Amagansett, East Hampton, New York has been used by the public for decades.  In 2009, Homeowner Associations above the beach commenced an action claiming that they owned title to the beach.  They also claimed that the use of the beach by trucks driving on the beach and parking whilst enjoying the ocean constituted a nuisance. After a 5-day trial in the Supreme Court in Riverhead, the Trial Court, Hon. Ralph T. Gazzillo dismissed the action.  The Trial Court found that plaintiffs did not establish their ownership to… read more

Posted in Napeague Beach, Prescriptive Right of Access, Public Trust Doctrine
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SCOTUS Hands Down Another Important Property Rights Case: Pakdel v City and County of San Francisco

On June 28, 2021, the Supreme Court rendered a unanimous per curiam decision, Pakdel v City and County of San Francisco, 594 U.S. ____ (2021). The lawsuit involved a regulatory taking claim.  The City had required that as a condition of converting a tenancy-in-common to a condominium, that the owner must first offer any tenant a lifetime lease.  The Ninth Circuit held that the Plaintiffs, even though they requested two exemptions, did not present a final decision and, hence, their claim was not ripe under Williamson County Regional Planning Comm’n… read more

Posted in Per Se Taking, Regulatory Taking
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Cedar Point Nursery – Big Win for Property Rights

The Supreme Court decision in Cedar Point Nursery v Hassid, 549 U.S. ___ (2021), decided on June 23, 2021, was hailed as a “big win for property rights.”  The 6 to 3 decision significantly bolsters protection of private property rights. The case involved the challenge by two farmers of a California regulation that required farmers to allow union organizers onto their property three hours a day for 120 days each year.  The farmers argued that the regulation was equivalent to a time-limited government easement and this constituted a “per se”… read more

Posted in Inverse Condemnation, Per Se Taking
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FEDERAL POWER OF EMINENT DOMAIN CAN BE DELEGATED TO PRIVATE PARTIES

The United States Supreme Court has rendered an usual number of decisions dealing with eminent domain.  On June 29, 2021, the Court decided PennEast Pipeline Co. v New Jersey, 594 U.S. __ (2021).  The Court held that the Federal Government had properly delegated to private companies’ federal authority to condemn necessary rights-of-way in state owned property. The Natural Gas Act regulates the transportation and sale of natural gas in interstate commerce.  The Act requires natural gas companies to obtain from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) a certificate recognizing that… read more

Posted in Delegated Power of Eminent Domain, Eminent Domain, PennEast Pipeline
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The Keystone Pipeline is Dead

The keystone pipeline was an oil pipeline system in Canada and the United States commissioned in 2010 and owned by TC Energy it was to run from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin in Alberta to refineries in Illinois and Texas and also to Cushing Oklahoma. The pipeline had significant opposition from environmentalists. In 2015, it was temporarily delayed by President Barack Obama. On January 20,2021 President Donald Trump took executive action to move the project forward. On January 2021 President Joe Biden signed an executive order to revoke the permit…. read more

Posted in Condemnation Procedures, Keystone Pipeline, Partial Takings
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The Independent Appraiser: Not Just a Pretty Title

In cases involving the issue of valuation of real property, the parties usually turn to an independent appraiser. Generally, this means that the appraiser is free from influence, guidance, or control of another or others.  We know that the appraiser will be somewhat biased in favor of the party who retained the expert.  But the Court will have some confidence that the appraiser will use good judgment and abide by a professional code.  The independent expert is also presumed not to have any conflicts in the assignment. Mostly importantly, the… read more

Posted in Condemnation, Conflict of Interest, Independent Appraiser
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